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吉林省学位英语统一考试大纲Part Ⅱ

时间:2019-02-13 21:16:23   作者:吉林学位外语   来源:自考学位外语考试   阅读:2124   评论:0
内容摘要:吉林省学位英语统一考试大纲Part Ⅱ

吉林省学位英语统一考试大纲Part Ⅱ

Part   Reading Comprehension 

Directions: There are 3 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B), C), and D) You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.

Passage One

Questions 31 to 35 are based on the following passage.

The potential of closed-circuit television and other electronic teaching tools is so great that it is inspiring to imagine “the school of tomorrow”

Televised lessons will be given in a central building having perhaps four or five master studios. The lessons will be carried into classrooms all over a city, or even an entire country.

After a televised lesson has been given, the classroom teacher will take over for the all important “follow-up” period. The students will ask any troublesome questions, and difficult points will be cleared up through discussion.

The teacher in the classroom will have Additional electronic tools on the teacher’s desk; the traditional bright red apple will have been replaced by a multiple-control panel and magnetic tape players. The tape machines will run pre-recorded lessons which pupils will follow by head-phones. The lessons will be specifically connected closely to the student’s level of ability. For instance, while the class as a whole studies history, each student will receive an individual history lesson directed to his particular level of ability

Should questions arise, the students will be to talk directly to the teacher on individual intercoms” without disturbing the rest of the class. In this way, the teacher will be a, ble to conduct as many as three classes at the same time.

31. Closed- circuit television will probably carry lesson to        .

A) a single classroom                      B) in school

C) all the classrooms in the world            D) all the classrooms in a city or a country

32.After the televised lesson        .

A) the students will go to their next class

B) the classroom teacher will take over

C) the students will ask questions

D) both B and C

33. In the schools of tomorrow, the teacher’s desk will        .

A) contain electronic equipment

B) actually be a television set

C) no longer exist

D) look like an isolation cabin

34. In the schools of tomorrow, students will        .

A) all study different subjects at the same time

B) study at different levels within a subject at the same time

C) not study

D) not have to read books

35. Electronic tools will enable the teacher        .

A) teach more than one class at the same time

B) retire

C) teach only a small number of pupil

D) rely on TV stations only

Passage Two

Questions 36 to 40 are based on the following passage.

In spite of the strong opposition to new and stricter environmental laws, however, it is still possible to attack the problem of chemical pollution; but we must attack it from three directions. First, we need more independent research into the effects of chemicals by scientists who are not paid by the government or by large industrial companies. Second, scientists need to educate the general public and inform them about the dangers of chemicals in the environment. If the public knows that a certain chemical threatens the health of their children, then it will put pressure on politicians in local and national governments. If the politicians want to remain in office, they will take action to correct the situation. Third, economists need to educate governments about the long-term economic costs of chemicals. It will be extremely expensive to clean areas of land which are contaminated(污染)by chemicals; it will be even more costly to give medical treatment to people who are suffering from serious illnesses after exposure to dangerous chemicals. If governments realize this, the short-term economic benefits of chemicals will seem much less attractive to them.

If we can put pressure on governments in these three ways, perhaps they will begin to behave more responsibly. They will perhaps pass new laws against pollution and enforce them strictly. Perhaps, then, the chemical producers will begin to behave more responsibly.

36. Which of the following might be the best title for the passage?

   A) The Environment in Danger.                  B) The Problem of Chemical Pollution.

   C) New and Strict Environmental Laws.    D) Possible Solutions to Chemical Pollution.

37. Which of the following statements best describes the organization of the passage?

   A) Two contrasting views of a problem are presented.

   B) A procedure is explained and its importance is emphasized.

   C) A general statement is given and possible ways are presented.

   D) Recent scientific advancements are outlined in order of importance.

38. Which of the following is true of the governments mentioned in the passage?

   A) They are already behaving in an extremely responsible way.

   B) They do not believe that it is possible to solve the chemical pollution.

   C) They think chemicals do little harm to the health of humans.

   D) They are unwilling to stop the use of certain chemicals.

39. Which of the following can be inferred from the passage?

   A) The economy is more important to governments than the people’s health is.

   B) Governments think chemicals bring them more economic benefits than economic costs.

   C) The public knows enough about the dangers of chemical pollution.

   D) The governments fully realize the long-term economic costs of chemical pollution.

40. According to the passage, what will happen if the governments stop the use of some chemicals?

   A) The economy of the countries will suffer.             

   B) Unemployment in the countries will grow.

   C) Some people and scientists will criticize them.      

   D) The chemical producers will strongly protest.

Passage Three

Questions 41 to 45 are based on the following passage.

The accuracy of scientific observations and calculations is always at the mercy of the scientist’s time-keeping methods. For this reason, scientists are interested in devices that give promise of more precise time-keeping.

Passage Two

Questions 36 to 40 are based on the following passage.

In spite of the strong opposition to new and stricter environmental laws, however, it is still possible to attack the problem of chemical pollution; but we must attack it from three directions. First, we need more independent research into the effects of chemicals by scientists who are not paid by the government or by large industrial companies. Second, scientists need to educate the general public and inform them about the dangers of chemicals in the environment. If the public knows that a certain chemical threatens the health of their children, then it will put pressure on politicians in local and national governments. If the politicians want to remain in office, they will take action to correct the situation. Third, economists need to educate governments about the long-term economic costs of chemicals. It will be extremely expensive to clean areas of land which are contaminated(污染)by chemicals; it will be even more costly to give medical treatment to people who are suffering from serious illnesses after exposure to dangerous chemicals. If governments realize this, the short-term economic benefits of chemicals will seem much less attractive to them.

If we can put pressure on governments in these three ways, perhaps they will begin to behave more responsibly. They will perhaps pass new laws against pollution and enforce them strictly. Perhaps, then, the chemical producers will begin to behave more responsibly.

36. Which of the following might be the best title for the passage?

   A) The Environment in Danger.                  B) The Problem of Chemical Pollution.

   C) New and Strict Environmental Laws.    D) Possible Solutions to Chemical Pollution.

37. Which of the following statements best describes the organization of the passage?

   A) Two contrasting views of a problem are presented.

   B) A procedure is explained and its importance is emphasized.

   C) A general statement is given and possible ways are presented.

   D) Recent scientific advancements are outlined in order of importance.

38. Which of the following is true of the governments mentioned in the passage?

   A) They are already behaving in an extremely responsible way.

   B) They do not believe that it is possible to solve the chemical pollution.

   C) They think chemicals do little harm to the health of humans.

   D) They are unwilling to stop the use of certain chemicals.

39. Which of the following can be inferred from the passage?

   A) The economy is more important to governments than the people’s health is.

   B) Governments think chemicals bring them more economic benefits than economic costs.

   C) The public knows enough about the dangers of chemical pollution.

   D) The governments fully realize the long-term economic costs of chemical pollution.

40. According to the passage, what will happen if the governments stop the use of some chemicals?

   A) The economy of the countries will suffer.             

   B) Unemployment in the countries will grow.

   C) Some people and scientists will criticize them.      

   D) The chemical producers will strongly protest.

Passage Three

Questions 41 to 45 are based on the following passage.

The accuracy of scientific observations and calculations is always at the mercy of the scientist’s time-keeping methods. For this reason, scientists are interested in devices that give promise of more precise time-keeping.

In their search for precision, scientists have turned to atomic clocks that depend on various vibrating atoms or molecules to supply their “ticking”. This is possible because each kind of atom or molecule has its own characteristic rate of vibration. Atom on ammonia, for example, vibrates or “ticks” 24 billion times a second.

One such atomic clock is so accurate that it will probably lose no more than a second in 3000years. It will be of great important in fields such as astronomical observation and long range navigation. The heart of this Atomichron is a cesium atom that vibrates 9.2billiontimes a second when heated to the temperature of boiling water.

An atomic clock that operates with an ammonia molecule may be used to check the accuracy of predictions based on Einstein’s relativity theories, according to which a clock in motion and a clock at rest should keep time differently. Placed in an orbiting satellite moving at a speed of 18,000 miles an hour, the clock could broadcast its time reading on a similar model. Whatever differences develop would be checked against the differences predict.

41. The selection says that the accuracy of scientific observation depends on      .

A) methods of measurement              B) time keeping methods

C) basic assumptions                      D) earlier experiments

42. Atomic clocks difference according to      .

   A) function                            B) the type of molecule or atom used            

C) the rate of vibration                   D) both b and c

43. The Atomichron will be used in      .

   A) making astronomical observation      B) broadcasting

   C) measuring vibration rates                D) all of the above

44. From the selection, we may assume that temperature changes      .

   A) affect only ammonia molecules

B) may affect the vibration rate of atoms

   C) affect the speed at which atoms travel

   D) do not affect atoms in any way

45. An appropriate title for this selection would be      .

   A) A Peacetime Use of the Atom                B) Atoms and Molecules

   C) The Satellite Timekeeper                       D) The Role of the Clock


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