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2018年下半年吉林学位外语考试模拟试题样卷及解析

时间:2018-10-22 13:47:23   作者:admin   来源:学位申请通知   阅读:1991   评论:0
内容摘要:2018年下半年吉林学位外语考试模拟试题样卷及解析

2018年下半年吉林学位外语考试模拟试题样卷及解析


Paper one 试卷一
 
(65 minutes ) 
 
Part Ⅰ Dialogue Completion (10 minutes , 10 points ) 
Directions : In this part , there are 3 dialogues with 3 or 4 blanks , each followed by 4 choices marked A , B , C , and D . Fill in each blank with the choice that best suits the situation  until the dialogue is complete. With Dialogue One , all the choices will have to be used . With Dialogue Two and Dialogue Three , one choice will be unused . Mark your answer on the ANSWERSHEET with a single bar through the centre of the letter that indicates your choice.
Frank : I’m glad that our company is starting to be more eco-friendly . 
David :  1  
Frank : We have started to recycle plastic bottles and aluminum cans . 
David : My family has started to bring our own bag to the grocery store instead of using plastic bags . 
Frank :  2  
David : What else are people you know doing to “go green” ? 
Frank : one of my co-workers has a car that runs on natural gas . 
David : oh . I heard that is a lot less expensive ,   3  
Frank : He does . our company just funded a project to build two windmills . 
David :  4  
Frank : Yes . And my uncle Put a big solar panel on the roof of his house . 
David : That is an interesting idea . 
Frank : It is hardly noticeable and it saves him money on the electric bill . 
    A . That is a great way to consume less . 
    B . so he saves a lot of money ? 
    C . Really ? 
    D . Me too.
 
Bert : What kind of hobbies do you have?
Andrew : Well , 1 like building model trains and cars . 
Bert :  5  
Andrew: Yeah, they are, but they look really cool after you’re done. 
Bert: They do! What else do you do in your free time?
Andrew:   6  
Bert: Oh, really? I play an instrument, too. 
Andrew:   7  
Bert: I play guitar, and I like to sing. 
Andrew: We should play some music together some time! 
Bert: Sounds good! 
    A. What instrument do you play? 
    B. Do you play any sports? 
    C. Those look like a lot of work. 
    D. I like to swim and play piano. 
 
Charles: You say that e-commerce will help me to reach more customers. How do I start? 
Edward: The first thing you should do is set up a website for your business.  8  When some-one goes online and searches for your products, they will see your website in a list of choices. 
Charles:   9  
Edward: They will see what you are selling and if they like something, they will buy it online. 
Charles:   10  I can use e-commerce to reach customers that are not in my town. 
Edward: Exactly, and the more customers you can reach, the better your business will do. 
    A. And what happens if they choose to look at my website? 
    B. Then you can list your products on it. 
    C. This is wonderful! 
    D. Why, what¡ˉ s wrong with it? 
 
PartII  Reading Comprehension (35 minutes, 40 points) 


Directions : There are 4 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by 5 questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are 4 choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the best one and mark your answer on the ANSWER SHEET with a single bar through the centre of the letter that indicates your choice. 
 
Passage One 
 


    This year, for the first time in history, more people are working in service trades than in goods production, according to the United Nations’ International Labor Organization(ILO) this week.
    In 1996, agriculture accounted for 42% of world employment, whth another 21% of workers in goods-producing industries and 37% in service. By last year , the ILO reported that 42% were in services, 37% in agriculture, and 22% in industry. 
    Technology is increasing economic competition in services from banking to tourism and heaithcare. The Internet and air transport now make it as easy to trade services across borders as it is to trade goods. 
“Driving a taxi is much easier than working in the fields,” says Brazilian Valdir de Santos, who has gone from farmhand to taxi driver. But all around him he sees low-paying jobs. Many people who move to Sao Paulo, Brazil, simply exchange a rural struggle with poverty for an urban one. The IEO voices similar concerns in its new report. It says many workers in developing countries remain under-used. 
Every country will continue to need both low-paying and high-skilled workers. But global incomes may be determined by skill levels in services.
Some economists worry about the change. As services become tradable products, workers will face competition from overseas. Princeton University economist Alan Blinder predicts that providers of “per-sonal services,” from hair stylists to trial lawyers, will be OK. But workers are unprotected in jobs where work doesn’t need to be done near the customer. 


For now, most workers in Brazil are simply focused on local realities, not global opportunities. 
 


11. Compared with his previous job, Valdir de Santos’s present one is_______.
A. higher paid  B. lower paid 
C. easier but still low-paying D. harder but high-skilled 
12. What is the IEO concerned about? 
A. The rural labor must struggle with poverty. 
B. The urban labor faces competition from the rural labor.
C. Many workers in developing countries have lost their jobs. 
D. Many workers in developing countries are not fully used. 
 
13. According to the IEO report, more earnings may depend on _________ . 
    A. more high-paying jobs 
    B. the higher skill levels in services 
    C. the rapid development in industry 
    D. the speedy development in science and technology. 
 
14. According to Alan Blinder, service workers not near customers are _________. 
    A. more likely to face competition from overseas 
    B. less likely to face competition from overseas 
    C. likely to have more global opportunities. 
    D. likely to provide personal services 
 
15. Which of the following is the proper title of this passage? 
    A. More People Working in Services Today  
    B. Services: Increasing and Going Global 
    C. Migration of Labor 


    D. Global Opportunities in Services 
 
Passage Two 
 


Work is a family responsibility. Right now you are benefiting from the work of your family. Your parents have worked hard to provide for your physical, spiritual, and emotional well-being. They do expect you to share some of the load. 
 On my son’s Graduation Day from the Harvard Business School, Dean Kim Clark asked each of the graduating students in the front rows to look behind them at their loved ones. As the graduates turned around, Dean Clark paused and said,”Were it not for the support of your family members, you would not be receiving this honor today.” And so it is for each of you. You have received much. In turn, you are expected-even required-to offer similar support and love to your own children and families. This does not mean continually”hanging out.” As you grow older, your parents expect you to provide for yourselves and become independent. 
    We all share in the work. Remember it is important to start early in life to teach your children that they should do their part in the work of a family. Those of you who have had the experience of growing up in a home where you were taught to work can bear testimony to its value in your life today. 


    We understand that in some places in the world you may encounter hardships when trying to provide for your families. These trials could include serious illness, the loss- of a spouse, the addition of an elderly parent, or providing for your children’s education. But it is my conviction that realization of the importance of work to your family will help you out. 
 

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